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George H.W. Bush School for Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University: The New Shape of Texas High School Education: Administrator, Counselor, and Parent Viewpoints on HB 5 Endorsement Implementation, Executive Summary

January 1, 2017

In 2013, Texas HB 5 (83R) introduced a new system of graduation requirements into the state secondary education environment. The goal of the legislation is to promote college and career readiness by providing a system of endorsement tracks that allow students to choose a specific educational pathway to pursue during their high school tenure, based on future college or career aspirations. These ‘endorsements’ include: Business and Industry; Science, Technology, Education and Math (STEM); Arts and Humanities; Public Services; and Multidisciplinary Studies1.

The bill was designed to promote a decentralized process across the state, allowing individual districts autonomy and creativity in their implementation strategies, and as such, did not include specific state-level guidance on independent school district implementation, nor resources for implementation. As a result, school districts have adopted a wide range of approaches to implementing the requirements of HB 5, which this report has documented and analyzed in an effort to provide more systematic knowledge of the decentralized implementation experience across a range of district types throughout the state, in support of future modifications to the implementation process to enhance quality, efficiency, and equal access within the process. This is the executive summary to the full report.

Philanthropy Advocates was formerly known as the Texas Education Grantmakers Advocacy Consortium (TEGAC) until August 2020. Previously-created resources, documents and blog posts mentioning TEGAC are still provided on this website for your reference.

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